The Asan Forum

Eleven years ago, observers of South Korea were stunned as they witnessed two critical events unfold in central Seoul. The first was one of reverie as the plaza of City Hall literally became a sea of red. People wearing red devil t-shirts, the mascot of the Korean national soccer team, gathered to root for the Korean national soccer team in the 2002 World Cup, co-hosted by South Korea and Japan. The second was one of protest. In the same plaza, a huge mass again assembled in the winter to hold a candlelight vigil mourning the deaths of two junior high school girls killed by a US armored vehicle. The series of candlelight vigils generated public uproar against the perceived unfairness of the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) and sparked a wave of anti-Americanism. The incident created serious concerns about the ROK–US alliance and among the political elite of both countries. There was no shortage of scholarship depicting these two incidents as epitomizing the ethnic nationalism of Korea. They became prominent examples in a growing literature on Korean national identity.

Read full article at


About Experts


여론・계량분석센터 / 여론연구프로그램

김지윤 박사는 아산정책연구원의 여론・계량분석센터 여론연구프로그램 연구위원이다. 주요 연구분야는 선거와 재정정책, 미국정치, 계량정치방법론 등이다. 주요 연구실적으로는 “Cognitive and Partisan Mobilization in New Democracies: The Case of South Korea”(with Jun Young Choi and Jungho Roh, forthcoming, Party Politics), “The Party System in Korea and Identity Politics” (in Larry Diamond and Shin Giwook eds. New Challenges for Maturing Democracies in Korea and Taiwan. 2014. Stanford University Press), “기초자치단체에서 사회복지비 지출의 정치적 요인에 관한 연구” (이병하 공저 의정연구, 2013), 『국회의원 선거결과와 분배의 정치학』 (한국정치학회보, 2010), 『Political Judgment, Perceptions of Facts, and Partisan Effects』 (Electoral Studies, 2010), 『Public Spending, Public Deficits, and Government Coalitions』 (Political Studies, 2010) 등이 있다. 연세대학교 정치외교학과를 졸업하고, 미국 UC 버클리대학에서 공공정책학 석사를, 미국 MIT대학에서 정치학 박사를 취득했다. 캐나다 몬트리올 대학에서 박사후 연구원을 지냈다.